The Maximus is responsible mainly for extension of the hip joint, however, is also in charge of lateral rotation. A more natural way to visualise this is if you need to lift your thigh. That means that youʼll be using your Gluteus Maximus in any movement that requires you to extend or abduct your hip for example Squats, Step Ups or even walking steep inclines.
The Gluteus Medius has many essential roles; it is responsible for moving the leg away from the body (abducting) and turning the hip towards the midline of the body (medially rotating). To understand this try standing on one leg, bend the knee on the leg lifted, turn the knee in and then out, your Gluteus Medius is responsible for this movement. It also helps support the pelvis during movement, and we’ll look at running as an example. While you strike forward with one foot the other kicks back and is entirely off the floor, it is the Gluteus Medius that supports the pelvis while this weight transfer from foot to foot is happening.
The Gluteus Minimus is the smallest glute muscle, and it requires precise movements. The Minimus supports the Medius by helping to turn the thigh inward and outward when the hip extends. It also assists the Medius with hip flexion, i.e., bending at the hip (think climbing the stairs).
I’m hoping by now you haven’t fallen asleep? If so stand up out of your chair and give your peach a shake to wake up!